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Cattleya fidelensis

Cattleya fidelensis

The former species Sophronitis fidelensis now is officially Cattleya fidelensis.

Previouse posted as:
Sophronitis fidelensis (Pabst) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase, (2000).

Homotypic Synonyms:
* Laelia fidelensis Pabst, (1967).
Hadrolaelia fidelensis (Pabst) Chiron & V.P.Castro, (2002).
Brasilaelia fidelensis (Pabst) Gutfreund, Colet. (2006).
Chironiella fidelensis (Pabst) Braem, (2006).
Cattleya fidelensis (Pabst) Van den Berg, (2008).

Classification:
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Epidendreae
Subtribe: Laeliinae
Alliance: Cattleya
Genus: Sophronitis
Species: fidelensis

Sophronitis fidelensis recognized by Kew as a species has a mysteries past and even nowadays it is not totally demystified.
It is recorded that only one single plant was found in the region "Serra de São Fidelis" in the State of Rio de Janeiro. This plant collected in 1940 is the origin of all Sophronitis fidelensis today available. Later nobody ever found an other plant. Therefore it was also considered to be a natural or even an artificial hybrid. Still in Dec. 2008 it was suggested by a group of scientists from the Botanical Garden in Rio de Janeiro that it was a hybrid and therefore to be removed from the list of endangered species until experimental crosses are made or new genetic evidences confirm otherwise.
Hybridizer which worked with Sophronitis fidelensis and self crossed it, confirmed the fact that it is a species. All offspring look like the mother plant.
In this case it is to believe, that it was a species growing in a very small, restricted area and the natural habitat was destroyed by human activity. Or the real habitat was never revealed and everybody is looking at the wrong place.

Flower size: 8.5 cm
Blooming: Summer
Growing: Easy to grow in cool to intermediate temperature, Likes bright light like most Cattleyas. Frequent watering during the hot summer days and watering only occasionally during the colder winter is recommended.

Cattleya fidelensis

Vote Result

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Score: 8.8, Votes: 6

Sophronitis fidelensis

This is a lovely species and the first time I have seen one.

Your information on the origins of this species is most informative and interesting.

bernabu